Human Photosynthesis: Light Energy and Life

Human Photosynthesis: Light Energy and Life

Not only is the water in our cells sensitive to light so is everything else including our genetic material. The cells respond with hypersensitivity to influences that come from outside the cell. We are our cells and then we are more than that, more than the sum of our parts. What you are about to read has tremendous implications in our understanding of life and cellular processes, human health, and disease.

According to a leading researcher of biophotons, German biophysicist Fritz-Albert Popp (see Lesson 2), light is constantly being absorbed and remitted by DNA molecules within each cell’s nucleus. These biophotons create a dynamic, coherent web of light. The laser-like coherence of the biophoton field is a significant attribute, making it a prime candidate for exchanging information in a highly functional, efficient and cooperative fashion.

Water is crucial to biological existence and we find that dehydration alters the conformation of proteins and removes water layers around proteins that are essential for maintaining the original protein structure. Dehydration also tends to run us down into lower energy states, inflammation and eventually to diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

We are water and it plays the top role in living processes that is not quite understood by physicians and a public, which unfortunately are led into dehydrating conditions through the use of pharmaceutical drugs and inappropriate food and drinking patterns. Coke and Pepsi have done more to dehydrate the public than anyone can imagine and coffee lovers must love the slightly dehydrating quality of its regular consumption.

Few know that water mediates the interaction between radiant energy and physical existence by allowing itself to be structured by light energy. Water is light sensitive meaning we are light sensitive in a sense that goes well beyond the generation of Vitamin D.

“We are the same as plants, as trees, as other people,
as the rain that falls. We consist of that which is
around us, we are the same as everything.”
Gautama Buddha

This article lays down the foundations for a new medicine that will take over the world in the next decade. When doctors find out that we are more like plants than anyone would ever believe they will have to adjust their thinking and practices. One of the basic purposes of this lesson is to explain, in the deepest terms possible, the medical effects of a list of FDA approved devices that penetrate the body with light, lasers, infrared and pulsed electro-magnetic waves.

Whatever the source the body has a highly refined capacity to absorb and even re-radiate out radiant energy across a phenomenal range of the electromagnetic spectrum. So strong is this capacity that writers through the ages have referred to ‘rainbow bodies’ and ‘chakras,’ which is an ancient Indian word meaning wheels of energy that vibrate and shine with the same colors of real rainbows.

It turns out that liquid crystalline water and
sunlight are practically all we need for energy
and life. Just add sunlight for energy and life.
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho

The story of light and biological life begins with water, which is becoming increasingly in short supply in this world of ours.

Dr. Pollack and Electrically Structured Water

Dr. Gerald Pollack, professor of bioengineering, received the highest honor that the University of Washington at Seattle in the United States could confer on its own staff for his work with water. Dr. Pollack says that we are not 70 percent water but, rather, 99 percent. He is where we begin our journey to discover the human body’s fantastic ability to absorb pure energy and turn it into healing horsepower to cure itself of many discomforts and disease.

See an interesting video by Dr Pollack entitled “Electrically Structured Water – Part 1” – there is also another interesting video entitled: “Electrically Structured Water – Part 2”.

Pollack’s water studies have led to amazing possibilities: that water acts as a battery, that this battery may recharge in a way resembling photosynthesis, that these water batteries could be harnessed to produce electricity. His 2001 book Cells, Gels and the Engines of LifePollack says, “The book asserts, contrary to the textbook view, that water is the most important and central protagonist in all of its life. There are so many realms of science where water is central. In order to understand how everything works, you need to know the properties of water.”

The key to understanding how this water battery works is learning how it is recharged. “You can’t just get something for nothing – there has to be energy that charges it,” Pollack said. “This puzzled us for several years, and finally we found the answer: It’s light. It was a real surprise. So if you take one of these surfaces next to water, and you see the battery right next to it, and you shine light on it, the battery gets stronger. It’s a very powerful effect.”

“I’m suggesting that you – inside your body – actually have these little batteries, and, remember, the batteries are fueled by light,” Pollack said. “Why don’t we photosynthesize? And the answer is, probably we do. It may not be the main mechanism for getting energy, but it certainly could be one of them. In some ways, we may be more like plants and bacteria than we really think.”

When cell division goes awry, the result is cancer. Pollack notes research showing that a difference of water structure underlies organ pathologies—in fact, the technology called magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) distinguishes tumor cells from non-tumor cells by sensing a difference in cell water structure.

Sun + Water = Fuel

MIT chemist Dr. Daniel Nocera agrees with Dr. Pollack saying sunlight can turn water into hydrogen. One day he did a presentation:

“I’m going to show you something I haven’t showed anybody yet,” said Daniel Nocera, a professor of chemistry at MIT, speaking to an auditorium filled with scientists and U.S. government energy officials. He asked the house manager to lower the lights. Then he started a video. “Can you see that?” he asked excitedly, pointing to the bubbles rising from a strip of material immersed in water. “Oxygen is pouring off of this electrode.” Then he added, somewhat cryptically, “This is the future. We’ve got the leaf.”

What Dr. Nocera was demonstrating was a reaction that generates oxygen from water much as green plants do during photosynthesis – an achievement that could have profound implications for the energy debate. What Nocera has devised is an inexpensive catalyst that produces oxygen from water at room temperature and without caustic chemicals – the same benign conditions found in plants.

In Nocera’s scenario, sunlight would split water to produce versatile, easy-to-store hydrogen fuel that could later be burned in an internal-combustion generator or recombined with oxygen in a fuel cell. Even more ambitious, the reaction could be used to split seawater; in that case, running the hydrogen through a fuel cell would yield fresh water as well as electricity. Dr. Nocera is not the only one making miracles turning water into energy.

This astounding conclusion that water plus light equals energy (fuel) has been struggling to surface for many years but is being resisted by entrenched interests in the energy sector that are not quite ready to give up fossil fuels. Many inventors around the world have invented engines that have run on water but the technology is never put into production. In this video we can see on TV an inventor that burns seawater yielding 1,500 F temperatures.

Dr. Wim Vermaas, at the Center for the Study of Early Events in Photosynthesis at Arizona State University reminds us saying, “Sunlight plays a much larger role in our sustenance than we may expect: all the food we eat and all the fossil fuel we use is a product of photosynthesis, which is the process that converts energy in sunlight to chemical forms of energy that can be used by biological systems. Photosynthesis is carried out by many different organisms, ranging from plants to bacteria.

The best known form of photosynthesis is the one carried out by higher plants and algae, as well as by cyanobacteria and their relatives, which are responsible for a major part of photosynthesis in oceans. All these organisms convert CO2 (carbon dioxide) to organic material by reducing this gas to carbohydrates in a rather complex set of reactions. Electrons for this reduction reaction ultimately come from water, which is then converted to oxygen and protons. Energy for this process is provided by light, which is absorbed by pigments (primarily chlorophylls and carotenoids).

Human Pigment Melanin and Light Absorption

The Human Photosynthesis Study Group in Mexico has been studying the main causes of blindness: age-related macular disease, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma with the main aim to develop new therapeutic approaches. They found that the human retina, as well as every cell of our body (eukaryotic cell), has the amazing capability of absorbing energy directly from water like vegetables do.

Melanin, due to its black nature, absorbs all wavelenghts of light spectrum, from infrared to ultraviolet. Present in all cell’s cytoplasm in the form of melanosomes, absorbs sunlight in the animal kingdom. Mexican researcher Dr. Arturo Solís Herrera (medical surgeon, ophthalmologist, and pharmacologist) of the Human Photosynthesis Study Center found that the pigment Melanin (known by the chemical name polihydroxyindol) seemed to protect the tissues of the eye. Then he found that melanin was collecting energy from electromagnetic radiation, and using it to split water atoms into hydrogen, oxygen, and four additional electrons.

Dr. Herrera claims that hydrogen atoms are then sent to cells where it can be recombined with oxygen to produce energy (human body version of a fuel cell). The cells can then use this energy to supplement the sugars the body provides them. In this process, melanin acts like a catalyst which promotes the chemical reaction, but is not consumed by it.

Dr Herrera says that melanin is “super chlorophyll” due to its many advantages over regular chlorophyll. “Melanin is to the animal kingdom what chlorophyll is to the plant kingdom.” A few of these advantages are claimed to include “hundreds of reaction centers” compared to the single reaction center in chlorophyll, the ability to absorb energy from a far broader portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, and capability to function for years outside of human tissue. Chlorophyll is claimed to become totally inactive after only twenty seconds.

The Human Photosynthesis Study Center claims that one third of the energy available to a human being is produced by melanin absorbing electromagnetic radiation, and splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen to produce energy. The main source of energy of the human body is water, not food, in other words: the main source of energy of the CNS is the water located in the ventricles and subarachnoid space, and not through the blood vessels.

Water Energy

Energy comes in an unsuspected highly proportion (99%) from a similar process in plants: the water dissociation, a reaction that we appointed as human photosynthesis by their analogies with the photosynthesis of the plants. Dr. Hosays, “The usual denial that very weak electromagnetic fields have any effect is based on the argument that the energies in these fields are ‘below the thermal threshold’ of random motions of molecules, which will certainly swamp out the signals. But coherently vibrating molecules, far from swamping out the weak signals, will sum up their response to the weak signal, and hence result in a substantial effect.”

Melanin in presence of light (visible and invisible) and water, express its intrinsic property that splits and reforms the water molecule. The basic process of Human Photosynthesis was firstly observed in human retina in 1990 in Mexico by Dr. Herrera, along a study about the three main causes of blindness, data obtained during twelve years of continued work, finally allowed us, in 2002; the understanding of the intrinsic property of melanin to split and reform the water molecule.

Photosynthesis process, in human beings is similar to plants, however, the reaction is in both ways and melanin, the human chlorophyll; can absorb the full electromagnetic spectrum. Therefore our photosynthesis is more flexible (reversible) and efficient (all electromagnetic spectrum).

Dr. Herrera said, “In regards to central nervous system diseases, as Alzheimer´s Disease; therapeutics results has been very encouraging. Our therapeutic point of view is that Alzheimer´s Disease is an energy problem and not a biomass trouble. Food is source of body building-blocks; with meals our body makes skin, nails, muscles, hair; membranes, cellular organelles; nucleic acids; etc. However the energy is taken from water. Energy is defined as those that produce some kind of change, a movement, an attraction, etc. Energy can be manifest in several manners.”

“Therefore glucose is not a source of energy; it is only a very important source of biomass, but only biomass, not energy at all. Otherwise diabetic people should be a very stronger person and the reality is totally opposed,” concludes Herrera.

Living organisms possess the ability to utilize electromagnetic fields and electricity. Water is the medium, the actual physical structures that exist within cells that facilitate the sensing, transducing, storing and transmitting of these forms of energy. Normal cells possess the ability to communicate information inside them and between other cells and again this is mediated through water molecules and the information they are able to hold and transmit.

Lynne McTaggart wrote in The Field, “Coherence establishes communication. It’s like a subatomic telephone network. The better the coherence, the finer the telephone network and the more refined wave patterns have a telephone. This suggests that water, as the natural medium of all cells, acts as the essential conductor of a molecule’s signature frequency in all biological processesand that water molecules organize themselves to form a pattern on which can be imprinted wave information. If Benveniste is right, water not only sends the signal but also amplifies it.”

The Group sees water as not only the universal solvent but as a source of oxygen, hydrogen and energy to millions of chemical reactions that occur daily in our organism. Water has an interesting interaction with many organs of our body, for example, brain, that is submerged in water, inner ear, eye full of water, joints, and pregnancy, water is essential for fetus viability, blood, etc. When the capability of obtaining energy from light and water (human photosynthesis) is put into practice in medicine many diseases will be more easily defeated.

“In my opinion, at the basis of malign transformation is a disturbance of energetic metabolism, which reached a level that cells cannot correct (after having succeeded before, many times), disturbance that affects the whole body in different degrees and requires correction from outside starting from the idea that the final biological oxidizing takes place through photochemical process with releasing and receiving energy,” wrote Rumanian Dr. Viorel Bungau.

Dr. F. Batmanghelidj writes in his book Water: For Health, For Healing, For Life, “To asthmatics, people with osteoporosis, and also cancers, sunlight is medicine. Light from the sun acts on the cholesterol deposits on the skin and converts them into vitamin D. Vitamin D encourages bone making and the entrapment of calcium by the bones, which in children helps them grow. Vitamin D also stimulates calcium absorption in the intestinal tract. Calcium has a direct acid-neutralizing effect in the body and is effective in balancing cell pH – an outcome that helps alleviate asthma complications.

Sunlight – energy – converts cholesterol in the skin to vitamin D. Vitamin D is responsible for the re-entrapment of calcium and its reentry into cells and the bones to be rebounded and restored… The union of calcium with vitamin D and its membrane receptor acts as sort of a magnetic rod, and whole chains of other essential elements and amino acids stick to the exposed calcium and are drawn into the cell. In this way, the energy of sunlight, and its conversion of cholesterol to vitamin D, has a direct physiological impact on the feeding mechanism of the cells of the body. Use sunlight to your advantage to lower your cholesterol and promote formation of denser bones.”

Dr. Joanna Budwig many years ago in Cosmic Forces against Cancer hinted about how important solar electrons are Solar Energy and Man as Antennaconcludes that “people do react very positively to the sun, despite the fact that many doctors today advise patients to avoid it.”

Electrons and Health

The physicist Dessauer writes, “If it were possible to increase the concentration of solar electrons tenfold in this biological electron-rich molecule, then man would be able to live 10,000 years. It is, in any case, true that all so-called mutations which damage the genetic factor, which have a negative effect on man and which cause disease, indicate a withholding of electron energy, while the concentration of solar electrons-stored in the bipolar molecule between unsaturated electron-rich fats and protein can greatly increase the depository effect of strength and power as well as the subjective health condition. A wealth of electrons means an increase in happy well-being. This result of a positive sum of strength and power was also recognized by Aristotle.”

An increased concentration of electrons means an increase in man’s feeling of happiness. To absorb the electrons into the living body, we must already have in the body’s electron system either the same wavelength or a multiplicity of wavelengths.

Solar energy electrons are both wave and matter! De Brogue writes that light is the fastest, purest, lightest and most beautiful form of matter we know, as well as the fastest and purest form of energy we are aware of. As the fastest emissary from star to star, sunlight electrons are always, whatever their condition, both wave and matter.

The electron is a form of matter always surrounded by magnetism: according to the measurement methods used, it can be measured as either matter or wave. This borderline situation between energy and matter overturns all classical physics, and is extraordinarily interesting as well as of vital importance in respect of physiological, medical and biological problems. We can store the sun’s energy and the living body is then in a position to summon, depending on the situation, energy from this storage depot of electrons. When these depots are empty, the person then feels irritable, tired, and his limbs become heavy.

The Secrets of Light

Children later diagnosed with multiple sclerosis had far lower levels of vitamin D than other youngsters, Canadian researchers reported in studies showing more links between the “sunshine” vitamin and disease. These were the first studies to show the effects in children, although others have shown that adults who live in northern latitudes, who get less sun exposure, may have a higher risk of MS. They also support a growing body of studies that link low vitamin D levels with disease, including breast and colon cancer, heart disease, diabetes and tuberculosis. [i]

Electronic waves communicate the regulatory functions of life.
In fact, all organic life absorbs, emits and processes light.

Biophotons are extremely weak light emissions from living organisms. This light emission is an expression of the functional state of the living organism and its measurement therefore can be used to assess this state. Cancer cells and healthy cells of the same type, for instance, can be discriminated by typical differences in biophoton emission.

According to the biophoton theory biophoton light is stored in the cells of the organism – more precisely, in the DNA molecules of their nuclei – and a dynamic web of light constantly released and absorbed by the DNA may connect cell organelles, cells, tissues, and organs within the body and serve as the organism’s main communication network and as the principal regulating agent for all life processes.

Dr. Heinrich Kremer sees the origin of cancer differently than the mainstream. He terms his new theory Cell Dyssmybiosis. According to Kremer cancerous cells do not originate from DNA mutations, but from a functional process that occurs in the mitochondrion (a cell organelle or “organ of the cell” if you will). The mitochondrion makes energy for the body in the form of ATP. We need lots of ATP to keep living. What is really interesting is the role of electromagnetic energy (light) in the process. It appears that the complex matrix of reactions that make ATP absorb light.

The red blood cells’ unique, remarkable role in oxygen and carbon dioxide transport as well as their extremely high hemoglobin content (hundreds of millions of hemoglobin molecules are packed into every RBC). Hemoglobin contains the same porphyrin ring as chlorophyll, though chlorophyll’s is coordinated by a magnesium atom instead of an atom of iron. Given chlorophyll’s role as the light-processing molecule of plants, hemoglobin thus appears to be unusually well equipped to absorb and process light.

Sunlight dominates the chemistry of the blood. People who do not get sunlight do not have the same richness and redness of blood as do
those who secure plenty of sunlight. There is not a tissue nor a function
in the body that is not benefited by regular and judicious sun-bathing.

Fasting and Sun Bathing

Dr. Max Bircher-Benner says, “Absorption and organization of sunlight, the essence of life, takes place almost exclusively within the plants. The organs of the plant are therefore a kind of biological accumulation of light. These are the basis of what we call food, whence animal and human bodies derive their substance and energy. The nutritional energy may thus be, termed organized sunlight energy. Hence sunlight is the driving force of the cells of our body.”

According to a leading researcher of biophotons, German biophysicist Fritz-Albert Popp, light is constantly being absorbed and remitted by DNA molecules within each cell’s nucleus. These biophotons create a dynamic, coherent web of light. The laser-like coherence of the biophoton field is a significant attribute, making it a prime candidate for exchanging information in a highly functional, efficient and cooperative fashion.

Magnesium is at the center of life’s ability to absorb light and
change its electromagnetic energy into organic chemical energy.

 Cancer patients need light
and they need magnesium.

Low-level laser therapy, also termed photo-biostimulation, is simply defined as light exciting or activating cells. The photons (light as it travels in bundles) from most low-energy laser devices can penetrate deep into tissue, about 3 inches, without causing heat or tissue damage. Once inside the cell, the photons comprising the laser beam can trigger many cellular changes such as the production of enzymes, protein substances vital for innumerable bio-chemical actions.

Laser light also stimulates the cells’ mitochondria. Mitochondria are tiny biochemical engines that produce enzymes essential for cell function. In short, low-level laser therapy appears to heal at a cellular level. It’s like shining a ray of sunlight directly on injured cells inside the body and stimulating the cells to return to normal function.

Nearly 2000 different investigations from over eighty countries about the effect of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) on humans and animals have been published in the medical literature.

Even dentists use light in their work and have accidentally discovered that the blue curing light used to harden dental fillings also may stunt tumor growth, Researchers at the Medical College of Georgia say that their blue-violet light produces free radicals that damage cell growth and increases cell death. “One desirable feature we’ve observed with the blue light is that non-cancerous cells appear unaffected at light doses that kill tumor cells,” says Dr. Jill Lewis. [ii]

Twenty-five years ago Dr. John Ott investigated the background to a report that children at a school in Illinois had five times the national rate of leukemia. [iii] He found that all the pupils who developed leukemia had been in two particular classrooms. In these two rooms the teachers always kept the large curtains completely drawn across the windows to reduce glare and distraction, and to keep the children’s attention on schoolwork.

The indoor lighting was therefore on all the time, and this was ‘warm white’ fluorescent. We know that vitamin D is protective against cancer. But the sun is not recommended by oncologists. Sunlight in large doses for long periods may cause skin cancer but sunlight at rational dose levels protects from cancers and is more than useful in any cancer treatment protocol.

Dr. Damien Downing, in his book Daylight Robbery [iv] says Russian scientists have showed that animals exposed to the correct doses of sunlight were capable of clearing a wide range of toxins out of their system considerably quicker than animals reared away from the sun. The toxins that they studied included quartz and coal dusts, toxic minerals such as lead, cadmium and mercury, liver poisons such as carbon tetrachloride, and the neurotoxins which these days are so heavily used worldwide as pesticides. They found that sunlight speeded up the clearance of toxins from the body twice to as much as twenty times. The best effect was obtained when sunlight exposure had started some time before exposure to the toxin.

The use of color and light in healing is actually quite old. The Priests of ancient Egypt, Babylonia, and China used color or colored light in many of their healing practices. Sunlight therapy was a common medical practice in historic Greek, Chinese and Roman times for the relief of skin disorders such as psoriasis. In the 1890s, Nobel Prize winner Dr. Neils Finsen reported that he could heal skin lesions caused by smallpox and German measles by using red and infrared-light treatments.

The use of colored light in healing was banned by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) fifty years ago because it was thought to be nothing more than medical quackery. But today, FDA approved phototherapy devices like the Lumatron developed by Dr. John Downing, are being used for the therapeutic application of specific colors and frequencies of light to the body.

Photodynamic therapy uses tumor-killing drugs that are activated by light. With skin cancer, first a cream is rubbed onto the affected area, then a light shone onto the cancer for 20 minutes. This creates a form of oxygen which destroys the tumor. The same technique can be used to treat cancers inside the body, if the area can be accessed with an endoscope (a flexible tube) containing a light.

Fibre optic cable carries light to the tumor site. Beams of light could be the latest weapon for doctors fighting a tough-to-treat cancer which kills nine out of ten patients. Photodynamic therapy, according to a research paper, increased the expected lifespan of many of the 16 pancreatic cancer patients who underwent it. [v]

Now we find new evidence that light therapy combats fungal infections and this is important when you consider that cancer is a late stage fungal infection or is almost always accompanied by one. A newly discovered mechanism by which an infectious fungus perceives light also plays an important role in its virulence, according to Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators at Duke University Medical Center. The findings suggest that changes in light following fungal invasion of the human body may be an important and previously overlooked cue that sparks infection, the researchers said.

The discovery in the human pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans further suggests that light therapy, in combination with anti-fungal drug treatments, might offer an effective method to combat a variety of fungal infections, particularly those of the skin or nails, said HHMI investigator Dr. Joseph Heitman and Dr. James B. Duke professors of molecular genetics and microbiology and medicine at Duke.

“The genes required for light sensing, while not essential for virulence, do contribute to the rapidity with which the fungus causes lethal infection in the mammalian host,” Heitman said. “It is therefore conceivable that light could be used as a therapy for fungal infections, particularly infections at the body surface, such as those of skin or nails.” Laser therapy might also be possible for certain fungal sinus infections, he added.

Non-small cell lung cancer is difficult to treat. Light therapy helps patients with an advanced form lung cancer. A study found patients in whom the cancer had spread to the chest lived three to four times longer if they were given the treatment. [vi]

Far Infrared Ray (FIR) or Heat Therapy is also useful to prevent, combat and kill cancerous cells. Far Infrared Ray are waves of energy, totally invisible to the naked eye, capable of penetrating deep into the human body, where they gently elevate the body’s surface temperature and activate major bodily functions. Far Infrared promotes the killing of many pathogenic (disease causing) bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

Far Infrared relieves nervous tension and relaxes muscles thereby helping the body make the most of its healing abilities. FIR reduces soreness on nerve endings and muscle spasms, as muscle fibers are heated. Far Infrared strengthens the immune system by stimulating increased production of white blood cells (leukocytes) by the bone marrow and killer T-cells by the thymus.

Far Infrared expands capillaries which stimulates increased
blood flow, regeneration, circulation and oxygenation.

Sun therapy is a form of natural FIR thermal therapy. Far Infrared rays are the invisible rays of natural sunlight that have the longest wavelength. The cancerous cell has a weakness, heat. It will die if the temperature goes above 42C/107.6 F. Far Infrared treatment raises body temperature to 42 degrees C. Far Infrared heat penetrates through the body and can kill existing cancerous cells. Far Infrared heat enables capillaries to expand, thus enabling good circulation and combating the existence of cancer cells.

Our gratitude and sincere thanks to Dr Mark Sircus for suggesting this topic – this is an adaptation from his writings.



[iii] Ott, John, Health and Light, Pocket Books, New York, 1973.

[iv] Daylight Robbery – The Importance of Sunlight to Health (Arrow Books 1998)




Water, Energy and Life

Structured Water – The Future of Medicine – Part 1

Structured Water – The Future of Medicine – Part 2

Structured Water and Quantum Biology

Biology of Transformation – The Field


Biophotons: The Light of the Cells

Biophotons: The Light of the Cells



Plants love to turn toward the light, they stretch for it, and so do we. Light, heat, color, warmth, energy, electrons, bio-photons, electricity, electromagnetism all interact with the water that is in us. In fact, not only do these forces interact with us they are us.

We not only receive energy from the universe but we give it back re-radiating out who we are to the people around us and to the environment in general. We are all walking energy fields interacting with everyone around us as well as with nature – one gigantic electromagnetic web of existence of which we are all a part.

On the simplest level we are all generators of far-infrared energy. Like everything that is warm we radiate out to each other quite intensely when we are cuddling in bed. We literally warm each other with our love light, which includes the warmth of far-infrared energies.

But there is another kind of electromagnetic energy which exists only in the vacuum of empty space, the empty space between the atoms of our bodies as well as the empty space we see in sky at night. My mentor Christopher Hills used to call it pure consciousness but most quantum physicists call it scalar energy.

Scalar Energy

fScalar energy is closer in its properties to magnetism. It is composed of multi-dimensional standing waves. Instead of being focused in beams or running along wires, it tends to fill its environment. It does not lose intensity as it moves away from the source, which is not true of magnetism or heat. It passes through solid objects and implants its signature on them like cosmic rays do.

These waves constitute a kind of ocean of infinite energy, and it has now been discovered that this abundant energy can be coaxed to pour into our 3-dimensional world from their 4-dimensional realm, to be used to do work, provide electricity, power all transport, and even heal the body of almost all disease.

Scalar energy was originally discovered by James Clerk Maxwell in the mid 1850’s. Maxwell was a theoretical physicist and mathematician who was born in Scotland in 1831 and his discovery was a new form of energy now known as Scalar Energy.

Once Maxwell had discovered the existence of this energy, Nikola Tesla — a Yugoslavian mathematical and mechanical engineer demonstrated its existence in 1896. Tesla referred to Scalar energy as standing energy or universal waves and he was able to collect it without the use of any cables and wires. Albert Einstein also noted and made reference to Scalar Energy which is a static, stationary energy that has no frequencies and cannot be measured in Hertz like electromagnetic waves.



Biophotonics (the science of interactions of light and living beings) has proven that human cellular interactions are driven by bio-photons, known in the scientific literature as ultra-weak photon emissions. Electronic waves communicate the regulatory functions of life. In fact, all organic life absorbs, emits and processes light.

Bio-photon emission or spontaneous ultraweak light emission
has been observed from almost all living organisms,
with intensities ranging from 10-19 to 10-16 W/cm2 

Bio-photon emission or spontaneous ultraweak light emission has been observed from almost all living organisms. Bio-photons are extremely weak light emissions from living organisms, thus a part of the electromagnetic radiation that organic cells emit.

dAll living cells of plants, animals and human beings emit bio-photons which cannot be seen by the naked eye but can be measured by special equipment. This light emission is an expression of the functional state of the living organism and its measurement therefore can be used to assess this state. Cancer cells and healthy cells of the same type, for instance, can be discriminated by typical differences in bio-photon emission.

According to the bio-photon theory bio-photon light is stored in the cells of the organism – more precisely, in the DNA molecules of their nuclei – and a dynamic web of light constantly released and absorbed by the DNA may connect cell organelles, cells, tissues, and organs within the body and serve as the organism’s main communication network and as the principal regulating agent for all life processes.

”It seems clear that light is the most important environmental input, after food, in controlling bodily function,” reported Richard J. Wurtman, a nutritionist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Several experiments have shown that different colors affect blood pressure, pulse and respiration rates as well as brain activity and biorhythms. As a result, colors are now used in the treatment of a variety of diseases.

Dr. Heinrich Kremer sees the origin of cancer differently than the mainstream. He terms his new theory Cell Dyssmybiosis. According to Kremer cancerous cells do not originate from DNA mutations, but from a functional process that occurs in the mitochondrion (a cell organelle or “organ of the cell” if you will). The mitochondrion makes energy for the body in the form of ATP. We need lots of ATP to keep living. What is really interesting is the role of electromagnetic energy (light) in the process. It appears that the complex matrix of reactions that make ATP, absorb light.

Dr. Jürgen Buche writes that according to a scientific article in “Health & Diet Times” (June/July 1982 issue) written by Dr. Lee de Vries, cancer cells self-destruct within minutes after exposure to strong intense light . “What happens is that the cancerous PLANT cell changes its formaldehyde into a plant sugar molecule giving off oxygen-ozone in the process and it is this element combination of O2 and O3 which causes the disintegration of the cancer cell. If you can’t get enough sunshine, make absolutely sure that you obtain enough of the essential fatty acids (LA and LNA) …so that your organism can produce the important prostaglandins, the precursors of hormones. Get as much exposure to sunlight and fresh air as you possibly can and watch your tumors and cancers shrink away.”

What we do with Light is Everything

fHow open or closed we are in our beings and egos determines quite a bit what happens to the light we absorb and reradiate out. We are beautiful rainbows but often our colors become marred with ego patterns that cut off the light and thus our beauty.

We are light being and we are water beings. There is one or two percent of us that are denser with minerals and other heavy matter but essentially we are more space than matter and all matter has and is energy in motion. Because we are extremely sensitive to light and heat we can use both to great effect in the practice of medicine.

In every culture and in every medical tradition
before ours, healing was accomplished by moving energy.
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi


dLight is not only what brightens up our world by day and makes us see the things around us, light is also produced by our own cells and forms a major component of man’s inner environment and a non-material part of our bodies connecting us with the outer environment.

The existence of this endogenous light has been discovered in the 1920’s by the Russian embryologist Alexander Gurwitsch and has been conclusively demonstrated by modern biophysicists since the late 1960’s with state-of-the-art technology and methods.

All living organisms, including humans, emit a low-intensity glow that cannot be seen by the naked eye, but can be measured by photomultipliers that amplify the weak signals several million times and enable the researchers to register it in the form of a diagram. As long as they live, cells and whole organisms give off a pulsating glow with a mean intensity of several up to a few ten thousand photons per second and square centimeter.

This corresponds to a candle-light seen from 15 miles distance and is tens to hundreds of millions times weaker than daylight. This glow can also be made visible by means of a CCD camera whose input of differences in brightness is then transformed by a computer into colors displayed on a video screen. Because of its low intensity, this cellular glow, also known as biophoton emission, is often referred to as ultra-weak cell radiation, or ultra-weak bioluminescence.

Its spectral range of frequencies (colors) extends from 200-800 nanometers, i.e., from UV-C and UV-A through the whole visible range into the infrared part of the spectrum.

It should not be confounded with the “bioluminescence” of fire-flies, glow-worms, deep sea fishes, and rotting wood which is much stronger, has different properties, and is clearly of chemical origin.

Historical Development of Biophoton Research

fBiophotons were discovered in 1922, when the Russian embryologist and histologist Alexander G.Gurwitsch (1874-1954) performed an experiment with onion roots. He found that some influence from the dividing cells at the tip of one root stimulated the division of cells in the other root.

When he observed that this influence passed through quartz glass, while it was blocked by ordinary glass, he concluded it must be a mitogenetic radiation, in the UV range. Gurwitsch was convinced that this radiation was an expression of “morphogenetic fields” within the organism that structured and organized the life processes in the cell and the organism.

However, with the technical means available from the 1920’s to the 1940’s, Gurwitsch and his collaborators at the Leningrad Research Institute for Experimental Medicine and at the Academy of Medical Sciences in Moscow were not able to reliably measure mitogenetic radiation. They mainly used “biological detectors” such as the onion root just mentioned, or yeast cultures, to register the radiation.

Only when after World War II photomultipliers became available to biomedical researchers, measurements proved the existence of cell radiation beyond doubt. They were able to detect a hundred times weaker photon streams and could even register single photons.

In the West, this happened first in 1954-55 when the Italian biophysicists L.Colli and U.Facchini and their collaborators at the University of Milan verified Gurwitsch’s discoveries with the new technology and showed that sprouts of various plants emit visible light. However, after their two publications they did not continue the investigations.

In the 1960’s the first reports by Russian scientists about “ultraweak cell radiation”, as mitogenetic radiation was now called, were published in Western languages. While Russian scientists had done extensive investigations with photomultipliers since the late 1940’s, systematic Western research in this field only started with the experiments of the Australian physical chemist Terence I.Quickendenin the late 1960 and early 1970’s, and finally with the work of the German biophysicist dfrom 1974 onwards.

Popp and his collaborators at the University of Marburg, and later at the University of Kaiserslautern and the International Institute of Biophysics at Kaiserslautern and Neuss, were the first to carry out systematic experimental and theoretical investigations of all questions related to this new biological phenomenon.

In the 30 years since then, Popp and his colleagues – and many other researchers all over the world – have not only demonstrated the existence and ubiquity of biophoton emission beyond any reasonable doubt, but also have established its properties, have developed and tested a number of hypotheses about its possible biological functions for which much evidence has been found, have done a lot of theoretical work towards a biophoton theory explaining all or some of the phenomena observed, and have started to develop a number of practical applications for the use of biophoton measurements of microorganisms, plants, animals, and humans.

dToday, the International Institute of Biophysics(IIB) founded by Popp and some of his colleagues in 1996 has become an international research network comprising 22 members of 14 research groups at universities in the USA, China, Russia, Poland, India, Japan, Korea, Israel, Italy, England, and Germany.

Altogether, there are about 40 research groups worldwide working in biophoton research.

The Properties of Biophoton Emission

After having shown that biophoton emission is a general property of all plant and animal life, Popp’s team set themselves the task to show that the glow organisms gave off was not just caused by chlorophyll, thermal influence “spontaneous chemiluminescence”, or some other “contamination effect”.

In the 1970’s, the American biochemist H.H. Seliger and the Russian biophysicist A.I. Zhuravlev had postulated that bioluminescence originated from occasional losses of the excitation energy that usually is used up in chemical processes, and therefore had no biological significance whatsoever.

Today we know from the work of Popp’s group and that of other scientists that biophoton emission correlates strongly with all the life activities of the organism by which it is emitted, and therefore very probably fulfills some biological function(s).

Unlike chemical bioluminescence, before the death of an organism its intensity increases steeply more than a hundred – or a thousand-fold, and then decreases down to zero at the moment of death. The radiation also increases during mitosis (cell division) and undergoes very characteristic changes during all phases of the cell cycle. It reacts very sensitively to all disturbances, external influences, and inner changes in the organism.

For this reason, its measurement can be used as a reliable and sensitive indicator for such influences and changes.

The Coherence of Biophotons

fThe most convincing argument against the “degradation theory” of Seliger and Zhuravlev however is the evidence for the coherence of biophotons that Popp and his team have provided in the course of the last twenty years.

Biophotons consist of light with a high degree of order, in other words, biological laser light. Such a light is very quiet and shows an extremely stable intensity, without the fluctuations normally observed in light. Because of their stable field strength, its waves can superimpose, and by virtue of this, interference effects become possible that do not occur in ordinary light.

Because of the high degree of order, the biological laser light is able to generate and keep order and to transmit information in the organism.

In biophoton research, the property of coherence mainly shows in the “hyperbolic decay” of so-called “induced emission”. Two types of measurement are used in biophoton research. In the spontaneous emission” of a sample it is practically impossible to provide evidence of coherence.

For this reason the measurement of “induced emission” has become an important instrument of biophoton research, where it is possible to determine the degree of coherence of the light emitted by the organism.

Here the sample is illuminated by a short flash of light, before the researcher measures in which way the absorbed light is given off again. In doing so, he can observe that biophoton emission from living tissue shows a very extended decaying process lasting for a period of minutes to hours – something which is never observed in dead objects.

Furthermore, this decay continuously slows down, such that the decay curve becomes flatter all the time and the emission never really ceases. Popp has given proof that such a decaying behavior – which graphically is displayed in the form of a hyperbolic curve – is evidence of the coherence of the measured emission and indicates that light is stored in the tissue.

Another conclusion that can be drawn from this behavior of the re-emitted biophotons is that the emission is not originating from isolated molecules in the cells, but that the emitting molecules are coupled by a connecting coherent radiation field.

A central role in the light storage seems to be attributable to the DNA in the cell nucleus which Popp’s group has shown to be the main light source in the cell.

Two Schools of Interpretation

tToday the majority of scientists working on ultra-weak cell radiation still subscribes to Seliger’s and Zhuravlev’s biochemical view.

They base their understanding on the well-known physical and chemical principles of the luminescence of biological molecules and attribute the light emission to certain chemical reactions such as radical reactions and oxidation.

They consider the light emission from organisms to be a mere waste product of metabolism without any biological function. Nevertheless they have developed its measurement into a useful instrument for detecting oxidative damage in organic materials, such as the rancidity of oils and fats.

Prof. Popp and his group, on the other hand, have developed another, biophysical interpretation of the phenomena based on a new understanding of life derived from quantum optics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, and other recent developments in science, which today is accepted by a growing minority of the researchers in the field.

They do not deny that radical reactions and other biochemical processes occur and may generate some of the light emitted by organisms, but see biophoton emission mainly as the expression of an overall regulating field in the organism in which also such chemiluminescent events are embedded. In contrast to the classical, molecular view of the biochemical school, they describe the organism as a macroscopic quantum system in which not the particle aspect, but the holistic field aspect predominates.

They assume that all the molecules of the organism are coupled to each other by a coherent radiation field in such a way that they form a unity in which biophotons cannot be assigned any more to any particular emitters, but must be considered to be emitted by the organism as a whole.

The analysis of biophoton measurements has shown that the emitting matter forms a biological laser mechanism, which at the same time is an experimental confirmation of the view that the organism is an open system far from thermodynamic equilibrium.

This coherent biophoton field which permeates and envelopes the solid body is assumed to regulate and control all the life processes in the organism.

It is a holographic field of standing waves which is able, through a broad spectrum of frequencies and polarizations and in close interplay with all material structures, to transmit signals with the speed of light to any place in the organism and to activate or to inhibit biochemical processes, to organize matter, and much more.

fThe material structures involved in this are predestined to function as antennae for the absorption and the emission of these signals, because they possess, by virtue of their evolution in the terrestrial radiation field and their co-evolution with the biophoton field, precisely matching geometries and dimensions.

The biological laser field of the organism stabilizes exactly at the “laser threshold” where it can oscillate between the coherent mode of operation and the incoherent mode of operation, and thus combine the advantages of both regimes.

This threshold is a “non-equilibrium phase transition” (or “dissipative structure”) where the light can spontaneously and abruptly change its order.

Above the laser threshold, in the coherent regime, the photon field switches over into a stable and highly ordered interference pattern in which the waves superimpose coherently. The various light sources assume a coordinated behavior and function like a whole. At the same time these waves are amplified autocatalytically and turn into laser light. Below the threshold, in the chaotic regime, the light sources decouple and function separately.

There is still coherent superimposition of waves, but it is dominated by the absorption of light.

Both regimes are necessary for the organism; for some purposes independently functioning elements are needed, for others, coordinated behavior is more advantageous. According to Popp, this is the mechanism by which the organism regulates itself on all levels.

fThis hypothetical mechanism is based on the assumption that the laser mechanism of biological systems operates not only with the low-grade coherence known from technical optics, but uses the ideal quantum-optical coherence defined by Harvard physicist Roy J.Glauber around 1970.

Popp believes the quantum field of living systems realizes the form of a “coherent state”, a paradoxical state with minimal quantum uncertainty that unites the properties of wave and particle, coherence and incoherence, localization and delocalization.

All the evidence of biophoton research so far suggests that biological systems realize a form of optimal coherence that science has yet to fully understand.

The measurements show evidence for the existence in biological systems of a new class of quantum phenomena recently investigated by a number of very advanced disciplines of quantum optics and electrodynamics, such as Non-Classical Light and Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics.

Two of the properties identified by these new disciplines that are realized in organisms are the coherence of mixtures of wavelengths (non-monochromatic light) and the occurrence of coherence in very weak light.

Recently, the Popp team has demonstrated that biophotons indeed exist in the form of such non-classical light, or more specifically, so-called “squeezed states” which are a particular form of coherent states (Popp et al., 2002).

Biophoton Measurements on Humans

The emission of biophotons has been established for practically all plant and animal organisms.

Although only a few such investigations have been realized up to now, we now know that weak, but highly coherent light is also emitted by the human body. While some earlier measurements of human biophoton emission have been made in the Soviet Union, the first Western investigations were carried out by the New York team of Richard Dobrin and John Pierrakos in the late 1970’s.

They found emissions of some hundred photons per second from the chest in the UV and visible range of the spectrum.

Some test persons were able to increase the emission up to 100 percent by using breathing techniques and deliberate tremblings. In 1989 and 1990, a group of British researchers obtained more than three times higher intensities in the spectral range of 420-650 nm from hands, trunk and forehead. The palms showed a much higher emission (500 photons per second) than trunk and forehead.

dThe emission at the particular regions of the body remained quite regular, but the team found indications for temporal variations with a maximum in the evening.

In the 1990’s, systematic long-term investigations of human biophoton emission with a specially developed whole-body biophoton-counting equipment were started in Popp’s lab, mainly conducted by Sophie Cohen (Cohen & Popp, 1997, 1998; Cohen, Popp & Ran, 2003).

The most interesting results were the findings on the rhythmicity of the emission, the significance of right-left asymmetries, and the non-local effects of treatments on the emission.

Long-time measurements conducted daily over a time of more than a year confirmed that the emission of all points on the body displays a clear dependence on the various known biological rhythms (24 hours, weekly, monthly). Measurements on symmetric points on both sides of the body led to the tentative assumption that symmetric measurement values may indicate healthy states while right-left asymmetricities are an indication of disturbances.

Most interesting is the recent finding that the changes of the biophoton emission after some treatment were not only observed at the position of treatment, but also appeared at other places of the body.

These non-local effects seem to demonstrate that the local biophoton emission is an expression of a global biophoton field of the whole organism.

A New Picture of the Organism

fThe experimental findings of biophoton research, together with recent insights from other fields of advanced science, are suggesting an entirely new picture of the living organism.

First of all, as a complement to the solid body of molecules, we have an important new component or aspect of the organism to consider, namely the “electromagnetic field body” (Zhang, 2003). From this point of view, the living organism appears as a highly complex and self-tunable resonating system of oscillating fields that are coupled nonlinearly by their phase relations (Bischof, 2003).

If we consider the role of the molecules, the organism can be defined as a extremely sensitive and highly effective antennae system, able to tune itself according to need to a broad range of frequencies and polarizations.

The organism is able to react sensitively to the smallest stimuli, but at the same time can also abruptly become transparent for quite strong stimuli.


Since the onset of biophoton research, various applications have been developed by Popp’s group and the other labs.

Because biophoton emission reflects all external influences and internal changes of an organism, its measurement in principle can be used to determine the state of the organism and for the detection and assessment of all types of influences, even if their nature is not known.

Besides the use of biophoton measurements for chemiluminescence detection, the method can be used for the detection and damage assessment of environmental contamination by all types of solid, liquid, and gaseous chemicals, and electromagnetic fields.

Another application that is already used in practice is food quality assessment. Some medical applications are under development, but not yet completely ready for use. For instance, it has been found that cancer tissue displays completely different biophoton emission characteristics than healthy tissue of the same type.

This could be used for developing a non-invasive method of cancer diagnostics, and also could serve to determine the optimal therapeutic treatment for a particular patient. Biophoton measurements have also widely been used to assess the effects and effectivity of various therapeutic modalities, mainly in the field of alternative and complementary medicine.

However, it is in another field where biophoton research has maybe been most influential.

gBiophoton theory – the new holistic picture of the organism developed by Popp on the basis of his experimental findings – is being used by an increasing number of scientists and medical doctors as an important element and stimulus for developing an adequate scientific theory of life, the need for which is felt by a growing number of them (Ho, 1993; Zhang, 2003; Curtis & Hurtak, 2004).

As was described recently, the experimental and theoretical findings of biophoton research, together with many other scientific advances, are also an important contribution in the recent emergence of a new holistic and transdisciplinary viewpoint in the life sciences, Integrative Biophysics (Bischof, 2003).

Biophoton Field and Visual Field

dAs it may be of interest to the readers of this lesson, as a conclusion we can make some remarks concerning vision.

Some unpublished observations suggest that the state of the biophoton field of a person may be connected to the tonus and geometry of the musculature and the vegetative state of the person on the one hand, and on the other hand to the state of the brain as measured by the EEG (e.g., degree of synchronisation and coherence).

Advanced states of deep relaxation or certain meditative states characterized by a high degree of coherence in the EEG measurements may well be accompanied also by a high coherence of the biophoton field.

Many people have experienced many moments of drastic change in the visual field when in deep states of meditation that it is hypothesized that seeing and the visual field of a person may depend on the coherence of the biophoton field of this person that perhaps could change not only the ability to see clearly but also the visibility in the vicinity of the body. Maybe the visual field is even the coherence of the biophoton field and the EEG property of the biophoton field itself.


[i] T. Amano1 , M. Kobayashi2, B. Devaraj2, M. Usa2 and H. Inaba2, 3(1) Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, 920 Kanazawa, Japan

Popp, F.A., Gu, Q. and Li, K.H.: Biophoton emission: Experimental background and theoretical approaches. Modern Physics Letters B. Vol.8, Nos.21 & 22 (1994), pp.1269-1296.

Chang, J.J., Fisch, J., and Popp, F.A. (eds.): Biophotons. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1998.

Popp, F.A.: Biophotons – background, experimental results, theoretical approach and applications. Res. Adv. in Photochem. & PhotobioL Vol.1 (2000), pp.31-41.

Popp, F.A. and Beloussov L.V. (eds.): Integrative Biophysics, Biophotonics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2003.

S. Cohen and F. A. Popp: Biophoton emission of the human body. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiologv B:Biologv. Vol.40 (1997), pp. 187-189.

S. Cohen and F. A. Popp: Whole-body counting of biophotons and its relation to biological rhythms. In: Chang, Jii-Ju / Fisch, Joachim / Popp, Fritz-Albert (eds.): Biophotons. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1998.

S. Cohen, F. A. Popp, and Y. Yan: Nonlocal effects of biophoton emission from the human body. 2003. Available from the IEB website:

F.A. Popp, J.J. Chang, A. Herzog, Z. Yan, and Y. Yan: Evidence of Non-Classical (Squeezed) Light in Biological Systems. Physics Letters A. 293 (1-2) (2002), pp. 98-102.

M.W.Ho: The Rainbow and the Worm – The Physics of Organisms. World Scientific, Singapore 1993.

M.Bischof: Introduction to Integrative Biophysics. In: Popp, F.A. and Beloussov L.V. (eds.): Integrative Biophysics, Biophotonics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2003, pp. 1-115.

B.D.Curtis and J.J.Hurtak: Consciousness and Quantum Information Processing: Uncovering the Foundation for a Medicine of Light. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10 (1) (2004), pp.27-39.

C.L. Zhang: Electromagnetic body versus chemical body. Network, 81 (2003), pp.7-10.

Website of the International Institute of Biophysics:
Comprehensive Bibliography on Biophoton Research and Related Subjects:


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A History of Bioresonance Testing


eThe first reported use of electricity in medicine was in 2750 B.C., de­scribed in Egyptian tombs, using the fish species Malopteurus electricus. Several descriptions of therapeutic benefits, including pain control from exposure to the electric eel, were described by the Greeks in the first century.

Around 1600, William Gilbert, an English physician, coined the word “electric” and established the difference between electricity and mag­netism. In 1752, Johann Schaeffer published the book “Electrical Medi­cine.” By that time, many physicians were reportedly using electricity in their practices. In 1830, Carlo Matteucci, a professor of physics at Pisa showed that electrical current was generated by injured tissues. In 1858, Dr. Francis, a Philadelphia physician, was first to describe the relief of dental pain by electricity.

After 164 successful tooth ex­tractions using “galvanism,” he received a patent on May 25, 1858. Although his device was denounced by the Pennsylvania Association of Dental Surgeons, the methods used by Francis spread throughout America and Europe. In that same year, W. G. Oliver of Buffalo claimed the discovery of “electrical anesthesia,” reporting a 98 percent success rate using a vibrating generator for dental pain. Again in that same year, Harding, at the University College Hospital, London, confirmed Oliver’s results with studies of 40 tooth extractions.

He also set up a control subject who had results when the current was applied but did not experience any change under the same conditions without current. By the late 1800’s, the use of electricity in medicine was wide-spread and described in such medical texts as Osler’s “Practice of Medicine.”

At the turn of the century, the business atmosphere in the United States “…reflected laissez-faire policy at its extreme. High government offi­cials were corrupted by the railroads, the public was swindled by fla­grant stock-market manipulations, embalmed beef was shipped to sol­diers in the Spanish-American War. Advertising contributed to the immorality of business with its patent-medicine ads offering to cure all the real and imagined ailments of man.

There was a `pleasing Medi­cine to cure cancer,’ another to cure cholera. No promise of a quick cure was too wild, no falsehood too monstrous.” A variety of electric gadgets emerged and were marketed in a similar manner to snake oils and other patent medicines by various charlatans. This problem, to­gether with the “almost total lack of standards in medical education and practice at that time, produced a deplorable situation.” 3

To investigate this situation, the Carnegie Foundation established a commis­sion headed by Abraham Flexner. The commission’s final report was published in 1910, and it produced an almost instantaneous revision of medical education. Electrotherapy became a scientifically insup­portable technique, and it disappeared from medical practice.

Doctors using electric instruments of any sort were branded as quacks and charlatans. In the backlash of this mindset, electronic devices of diag­nostic or therapeutic value have been slow to be accepted. Even now, a great deal of suspicion surrounds the use of electrodiagnosis and elec­trotherapy.

In spite of the virtual disappearance of all electrical therapy, investiga­tion has continued into the electric nature of biological systems in health and disease states. A great deal has been discovered, and legiti­mate diagnostic and therapeutic devices based on these sound discov­eries have emerged.

fIn the early 1950’s, Reinhold Voll, a German medical doctor, developed an electronic testing device for finding acupuncture points electrically. He was successful in finding acupuncture points and demonstrating that these points, known to Chinese acupuncturists for millennia, had a different resistance to a tiny electrical current passed through the body, than did the adjacent tissues. Many other researchers have also verified that electrical conductance at the acupuncture points is sig­nificantly greater than the surrounding tissue.

Dr Voll and Acupuncture Points

Voll then began a life­ long search to identify correlations between disease states and changes in the electrical resistance of the various acupuncture points. He thought that if he could identify electrical changes in certain acupunc­ture points associated with certain diseases, then he might be able to identify those diseases more easily, or earlier, when treatment inter­vention was likely to be more effective.

Voll was successful in identify­ing many acupuncture points related to specific conditions and pub­lished a great deal of information about using acupuncture points di­agnostically.” (Until Voll, these points had been used mainly for treat­ment.) He found, for example, that patients with lung cancer had ab­normal readings on the acupuncture points referred to as lung points. Changes also occurred in the electrical conductance of the acupunc­ture points supplying musculoskeletal structures that are inflamed.

dThese changes in acupuncture point resistance related to lung cancer have been verified more recently by researchers from UCLA and USC. In a double-blind study, 3 patients with lung cancer and 20 controls (who had negative chest x-rays) had the electrical resistance of several acupuncture lung points and several small intestine points measured. There was an 87 percent correlation between the testing results and the results of the X-ray diagnosis for the lung points, and no correla­tion with the small intestine points.

Of interest, there were no false negatives and 4 “false” positives. Two of these false positive readings were from the same patient who had an “inconsistent shadow” on his lung X-ray but had shown no evidence of disease with tomograms and a CT scan. These “false positive” readings could have been from lung cancer not yet diagnosed, or some other degenerative disease process, or could have been merely incorrect readings. #

A “false positive” is when the patient has a preclinical condition that cannot yet be detected using allopathic methods but is picked up using bioresonance testing.

A “false negative” is when the patient has a clinical or preclinical condition that is not picked up using bioresonance testing.

Another study from the Pain Management Clinic, Department of An­esthesiology, UCLA School of Medicine, evaluated the ability of elec­trodermal testing to identify, in a blinded fashion, areas of pain. Forty patients were determined by medical examination to have musculosk­eletal pain. Each patient was draped to hide any physical evidence to suggest where the pain might be. The physician conducting the elec­trodermal testing had no prior knowledge of the patient’s history, and was not allowed to talk to the patient.

dBased on increased skin conduc­tance at specific acupuncture points of the ears, the physician deter­mined, with greater than 75 percent accuracy, the location of the pain, a highly significant result. This study also pointed out that electroder­mal testing technique “is often sensitive to pathological problems of which the patient is only minimally aware. When some patients were told of their auricular diagnosis results, they suddenly remembered having a minor or old pain problem in that bodily area, a problem which they had neglected to mention during the medical evaluation,” and thus were considered to be “misses” in the statistical analysis .The results of this test were therefore more impressive than the statistical analysis would indicate.

A great deal has been done throughout the world correlating changes in electrical conductance at acupuncture points with various disease entities. Much of the German, French, Japanese, and Chinese litera­ture has not been translated. Only a few examples of the many articles related to finding and measuring acupuncture points electrically are referenced in this lesson.

Dr Voll and Allergy Testing

Voll discovered that certain acupuncture points showed abnormal read­ings when subjects were reacting allergically. He made several seren­dipitous discoveries related to “allergy” testing. He noted some as usual readings on certain acupuncture points when a patient had a bottle of medicine in his pocket. He could remove the bottle and consis­tently get different readings when the bottle was in his pocket com­ pared to when it was not.

At first he was baffled as to how a closed bottle of medicine outside the body could affect the acupuncture read­ings. It was even more baffling when he discovered that the glass bottle of medicine could change the freadings when it was in contact any­ where along the closed electric circuit involved with the testing proce­dure. Voll and his colleagues then began work to identify the nature of this strange phenomena. They inserted a metal plate into the circuit and demonstrated that many substances that precluded changes in acupuncture point readings when ingested could produce the same changes when placed on the plate (even in closed glass bottles).

They assumed that there must be some kind of electro-magnetic energy be­ing emitted from the substances, and that these energy fields some­how traveled along the electric circuit to the body (perhaps like the energy waves representing a person’s voice travels along the electric circuitry of a telephone line).

Voll and other scientists have conducted various experiments in an attempt to characterize the energy form that is being measured. As yet, no clear consensus of opinion exists as to exactly how this phe­nomenon functions. For that matter, no clear consensus exists how any electric phenomena function. Although it used to be thought that electricity was fairly straight forward and well understood, many dis­coveries in the last few years have made many scientists question older theories.

Robert Beck, a physicist well known for his pioneering work in various areas of electromagnetism, said the following, “Man is an extremely complex biocosmic resonator. And it will be quite a few years before even the effect of some of these simple stimulation-type devices are well understood, much less fully understood.” 22

Electrodermal testing devices have been extensively studied by Dr. William Tiller from Stanford, who is a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. He has written extensively in an attempt to explain the electric behavior of the skin and how electroder­mal diagnostic and treatment instruments function 23,24

Dr. Cyril Smith, Ph.D physicist in the Electrical Engineering Department at the Uni­versity of Salford, England, has also written extensively in an attempt to explain various electromagnetic phenomena, including electroder­mal testing on acupuncture points .25Other world leaders in bioelectric medicine include Robert O. Becker, M.D. and his landmark book en­titled, The Body Electric – Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life, 26 and Bjorn Nordenstrom, M.D. and his books The Electric Man, 27 and Biologically Closed Electric Circuits.28

hWhether or not a diagnostic or therapeutic modality is fully under­stood has absolutely no bearing on its effectiveness or usefulness.

It is beyond the scope of this lesson to attempt to explain the phenomena involved in electrodiagnostic testing. In fact, it would seem better to have no explanation at all than have an incorrect theory.

For example, the drug Hydergine has been shown to be effec­tive for improving cerebral function in older people in a number of double-blind controlled studies. The mechanism was thought to be through increasing cerebral blood flow. When further studies failed to show increased blood flow, the drug was thought by many to be inef­fective, and fell into disfavor. More recent studies have shown a vari­ety of actions that could explain the results of therapy, and it once again has become widely used .29

Evidence for Reliability of Electrodermal Testing

gThere is a great deal of controversy in medicine today over the issue of what techniques are considered experimental, and which ones are con­sidered to be adequately proven. This issue was investigated by the Office of Technology Assessment of the Congress of The United States. They produced a 133 page report entitled “Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Medical Technologies.” This report stated that “it has been estimated that only 10 to 20 percent of all procedures currently used in medical practice have been shown to be efficacious by controlled tri­als. 30

The chairman of the Utah Unproven Health Practices Committee in 1985 was asked what constitutes adequate evidence that a technology has been adequately proven? His reply was that a good double-blind study is reasonable proof, and that several double-blind studies reported by researchers from different centers is excellent proof.” Others in­volved in this issue have suggested that the agreement of experts in the field of the effectiveness and usefulness of the technology is good proof. Also, the clinical use of a technology by various medical practi­tioners is also good proof of its efficacy.

Electrodermal testing instruments have been around for over thirty five years and have been used widely in Europe and virtually around the world for allergy testing as well as for a variety of other purposes. These instruments, however, have been used for only a few years in this country. Electrodermal testing instruments have been manufac­tured in Germany, Japan, China, France, Denmark, Russia, and more recently in the United States.

dMany double-blind studies have been done using this technology. In fact, most of those practitioners who use them have set up a blinded test situation of one kind or another before they really believed that these instruments actually work. Besides the double-blind study de­scribed earlier in this paper, hundreds of patients have been tested in a double-blind fashion where the patient did not know what they were being tested for, and the instrument operator did not know anything about the patient’s reactivity. These tests usually compare favorably to the patient’s history and to testing by other techniques.

Perhaps the most convincing evidence for the accuracy and reliability of electrodermal testing came from using this testing to quickly iden­tify correct optimal treatment doses for patients who had unpleasant reactions to provocative testing. An effective dose to turn off the re­sponse would often take more than an hour by trial and error, but could almost always be found within seconds using the instrument. On those few misses, the optimal dose was within one dilution, and could easily be found.

Dr William Rea and Electrodermal Testing

Another physician who has evaluated electrodermal testing in his of­fice is William Rea, M.D. from Dallas, an internationally known pio­neer in environmental medicine. Besides serving as the director of the Environmental Health Center in Dallas, Dr. Rea has been appointed as the First World Professorial Chair in Environmental Medicine, Robens Institute, University of Surrey, England.

Dr. Rea set up a simple double-blind situation using a number of people who had reacted ad­versely to a challenge test with various antigens, and for whom an optimal treatment dosage had been found to turn off those reactions. Neither the patients nor the instrument operator knew the correct dosage. A series of dilutions were tested, and the electronic instru­ment identified the correct optimal treatment dosage out of 12 to 20 options in approximately 80 percent of the cases.

Virtually all of the “misses” were within 1 dilution of the optimal dose dilution deter­mined by trial and error, making it easy to find the optimal dose in those “misses.” Dr. Rea describes using these instruments as part of his practice to find optimal treatment doses for very sensitive patients before provoking symptoms, so that he can quickly administer an ef­fective treatment dose in case of severe reactions.

Doctors from England have for some time used electrodermal testing for allergies. One of these medical doctors reported a study in the British medical literature. 31

dThere have been at least three double-blind assessments of electroder­mal testing reported in the American medical literature. In 1989, Ali reported in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology the results of a double-blind test comparing the results of IgE antibody levels (using a microELiSA procedure) for a variety of pollens and molds to electro­ dermal testing for the same antigens. The results showed concordance between the two tests of 73 percent.32

In 1985, Krop did a double-blind test comparing electrodermal testing to sublingual and intradermal testing for a variety of foods, chemicals, and inhalants. In 66 percent of the 227 tests, the electrodermal testing identified exactly the same “neutralizing” (optimal treatment) dilution as did the intradermal and sublingual testing. 33

In 1984, researchers from the University of Hawaii compared 6 differ­ent diagnostic modalities for assessing food allergies. These tests in­cluded history, food challenge, skin, RAST, IgE antibodies, and elec­trodermal testing on 30 volunteers. The testing was done in a double­ blind fashion, with the patients not knowing what antigens were be­ing tested, and the instrument operator not knowing anything about the patient’s food sensitivities. In over 300 tests, electrodermal testing matched the history 74 percent of the time, the food rechallenge test 77 percent of the time, skin testing 71 percent of the time, and RAST testing 69 percent of the time.

The authors concluded that “the EAV (electrodermal testing) data obtained in this experiment demonstrates the highest degree of compatibility with the food challenge test, which is considered to be the most sensitive of the currently available diag­nostic techniques for food allergy. In addition, the EAV results were comparable with both skin and RAST tests.’34

In comparing these three double-blind studies, it is of interest to note that the number of “false positives” identified by electrodermal testing greatly exceeds the number of “false negatives.” The breakdown is as follows:


False positives False negatives


22 5
Krop 42 2
Tsuei 67 18
Totals: 131 25

Krop points out that in his study, the subjects were only tested to things to which they reported an adverse response. He expressed the opinion that these apparent “false positives” were not false at all, but merely reflected a greater sensitivity of the electrodermal testing compared to the more traditional testing to which it was compared. The results of the other two studies may also have reflected this greater sensitivity with electrodermal testing.

When trying to evaluate the accuracy and dependability of electroder­mal testing for food allergy testing, a number of factors about food allergy must first be understood.

Important Rules and the Significance of the Vegetative Reflex Test (VRT)

d1. The Vegetative Reflex Test (VRT) represents an advanced development of the ‘Electroacupuncture according to Voll’ (EAV) concept. It features a combination of electronic measurements of skin resistance on specific energy meridian points that disclose vital health information through vegetative (autonomic) reflexes and resonances.

2. When all conventional diagnostic tests (physical and biochemical) reveal no clues to the cause of a patient’s complaints, the disorders are most likely functional in nature rather than morphological. The VRT reveals about 80% of the otherwise undiagnosable cases of migraines, backaches, exhaustion, sleep disturbance, etc.

3. When conventional examination cannot fully or correctly explain the patient’s complaints, the VRT is highly indicative. It is superbly suited for the diagnosis of functional ailments and of clinically obscure, subclinical disorders. These make up about 20% of all indications.

4. In severe clinical cases with perplexing differential diagnosis, the VRT can be of decisive help. It can lead to wide-ranging diagnostic discoveries of utmost significance. It excels beyond all other medical tests in identifying the pathogenesis of disease.

5. The VRT, is not and cannot be, a substitute for conventional diagnostic procedures whenever they are indicated. Experienced physicians face the dilemma off and on.

6. Up-to-date experience shows that the VRT achieves the greatest rate of diagnostic success in cases of functional disturbances. This is presumably due to the physical basis of the VRT, a diagnostic system that utilizes the phenomenon of biological resonance. In addition, the experience of the therapist plays a decisive role in the accuracy of the measurements.

7. 70% of patients in an average daily practice suffer from functional disorders manifested as chronic diseases. Conventionally, they are treated with chemotherapeutics. Functional disturbances cannot be confirmed by conventional diagnostics.

8. 30-40% ofconventional laboratory tests for patients with functional ailments yield negative results (nothing of significance is revealed). This often seems to be a justification for psychotherapeutic intervention. This, in most cases is not productive.

9. Such diagnostic shortcomings of conventional medicine, results in needless suffering, with waste of time and money.

10. The VRT, which is subjective, is only as good as the clinician in charge. In the hands of aknowledgeable and experienced health professionals it can be of tremendous help to the patient. Extensive training is required for the professional to reach a level of accuracy in measurements.

11. The indications for VRT diagnostics apply to chronically ill patients with functional and subclinical disturbances (see 2 and 3). Attempting to corroborate VRT findings with conventional diagnostics would make as little sense as trying to detect sound waves with optical instruments. Functional disturbances initially are neither chemical nor morphological.

12. In Functional Medicine the VRT represents an important diagnostic method within the entire spectrum ofdiagnostic modalities.

Food Allergy Characteristics


It is important to understand the complexities involved with food intolerance testing in order to get the maximal benefit from this type of testing.

Food allergy is a complex issue. It is not just a yes or no situation. Various types of food reactions have been described, including the following:

a) Fixed allergy – A person with a fixed food allergy will react to that substance each time they come into contact with it, often even with a very tiny exposure. It doesn’t matter how long it has been since the last exposure, re-exposure will still produce a reaction.

b) Cumulative allergy – A person with a cumulative allergy to foods will only react to a specific food when they ingest enough of it to exceed their allergy threshold for that food. It may take a substantial amount of that food to evoke a reaction. A specific food may be toler­ated just fine one day, but if ingested the next day will likely produce a significant reaction.

c) Variable allergy – A person with variable allergies may react at certain times when eating a food, but tolerate it well on other occa­sions. Some people react to specific foods when certain pollens are in the air, but not at other times. This may represent a complex cumula­tive response to common antigenic material in several foods, or a reac­tion to a combination of a food and a pollen. Some women react ad­versely to certain foods during a particular phase of the menstrual cycle, or during pregnancy. In most cases, the reason for the variabil­ity is not clear.

d2. The mechanism or mechanisms causing adverse reactions to foods are not clear. Although much early attention was focused on the role of IgE antibodies, it is clear that many reactions are mediated through other mechanisms. Much recent attention has focused on the role of IgG antibodies, and some workers believe that IgG antibodies corre­late more closely with the clinical picture of food allergy than do IgE antibodies. Prostaglandins and related hormones have been shown to play a role in some cases. In other cases, adverse reactions may be non-immunologic responses.

3. There is no 100 percent reliable test for food allergy to which other tests can be compared. With no reliable standard of comparison, there is no way that any new test can be reliably judged. Almost daily we see patients in the office who have been tested with skin or RAST tests who are puzzled by the results. They usually describe negative testing for foods to which they clearly and predictably react, and posi­tive tests for foods which they have repeatedly eliminated and reintro­duced with no observable clinical response. Each test has its limita­tions and shortcomings, including the following:

a) History – Many patients have a history of reacting after in­gesting a meal, but do not have a clear understanding of what specific food caused the reaction. Many patients ingest specific foods like dairy products or wheat several times daily, and have never deliberately avoided those and other foods long enough to see if symptoms clear. Many are puzzled by the observation that they seem to react to a spe­cific food sometimes, but not at other times. Most patients do not have enough understanding of the nature of food reactions to have intelli­gently evaluated individual foods.

b) Food Re-challenge – After a food is avoided for a time and then reintroduced, there may be no initial response if the reaction happens to be cumulative or variable. The best that can be determined by a one time challenge is that the person must not have an immedi­ate, fixed reaction to that food. A food challenge must be repeated several times over two days or so to rule out these other forms of food reaction.

c) Double-blind food capsule test – Although this test may work reasonably well for a fixed reaction on someone with a low threshold for that food, it is in general a very unreliable test for food reactivity. One study showed that this technique correlated in only 30 percent of cases with skin testing and in less than 8 percent of cases with RAST testing.”

d) RAST and related tests – RAST tests for IgE have shown a reasonable correlation to food reactions, but it is clear that many non IgE responses occur in response to food ingestion. IgG testing is be­ coming popular, and some advocates believe it correlates better with clinical responses to food challenge. Obviously, IgG antibodies also do not explain the whole realm of food reactivity.

e) Skin testing – Various types of skin responses have been investigated and are reasonably correlated with clinical food response in some tests but not in others. It was long thought that the skin re­ sponse was mediated exclusively through IgE antibodies. If this were the case, a better correlation between IgE antibodies and skin responses should be shown (unless both tests simply have a high level of error).

Disadvantages and Advantages of Electrodermal Testing

fDisadvantages – Antihistamines, corticosteroids, and other medications may suppress a person’s immune reactivity, resulting in false positive readings on the instrument. Skin testing may also be suppressed in the same way. False positive reactions may occur in response to chemi­ cals in the environment in which testing occurs (such as reactions to perfumes, cleaners, etc.).

Occasionally, for unknown reasons, the in­strument fails to identify a food, chemical or inhalant to which a per­son by history repeatedly reacts. The instrument may also occasion­ally identify an allergen as positive, even though avoidance and re­- exposure fails to confirm that finding. Although not perfect, double­-blind studies using electrodermal testing have shown a better correla­tion with food allergy than any other known test.

It is also the clinical impression of many practitioners that electrodermal testing correlates more closely with the observations of the patient than the more traditional forms of testing. Other advocates of electrodermal testing share this viewpoint. One doctor from Colorado reported the results of a survey of 109 patients tested with this technique. All had been tested by some other method in the past, and 69 percent thought that the results of electrodermal testing were more reliable than more conventional testing, with only 5 percent reporting it less reliable. The rest either thought it was the same or didn’t comment. Since there is no reliable standard by which to compare electrodermal testing, at the present time there is no reli­able way to assess its accuracy.

Perhaps the biggest disadvantage of electrodermal testing is the poor acceptance of the technique by some physicians. There has been a tendency by some, with a 1910 mentality, to dismiss it as pure “quack­ery” without even knowing any more about it than it is some kind of electric device. According to a California colleague, a state official pro­nounced that he had proven that the use of electrodiagnostic instru­ments is pure quackery, because he had personally tested one out that he had confiscated from a local practitioner and showed conclusively that it didn’t work.

dUnfortunately, all too many physicians are pre­pared to accept this type of judgement, while rejecting all the world literature to the contrary Even back in the 1700’s, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe knew about this type of mentality when he stated “we are accustomed to having men jeer at what they do not understand.”

Advantages – Electrodermal testing seems to be at least as reliable, and probably more reliable, than other forms of allergy testing avail­able. It is much safer than skin or challenge testing, since exposure to the allergenic substance is minimal. It is also much more pleasant for the patient than skin testing, since the testing itself is completely painless. There are also no unpleasant adverse reactions, which may last for many days with skin or challenge testing.

Electrodermal testing is generally much less expensive than other forms of testing. A typical charge from a traditional allergist for a series of skin or rast test is often between, €200 and €300. Most Electrodermal practitioners would charge about 1/3 of these prices for testing well over 100 items.

One of the biggest advantages of using electrodermal testing is in de­tecting sensitivities and identifying optimal treatment dosages instead of relying on trial and error, as used in intracutaneous serial dilution titration techniques, or with sublingual provocative-neutralization tech­niques.

fAnother useful application of electrodermal testing is in testing medi­cations. Every doctor in primary care is faced with patients who seem to react to a lot of different medications, and who need to be given something to control blood pressure, or who need surgery, or who are on a lot of medications and there is strong evidence that they are react­ing to one or more of their drugs.

There is a great deal of concern about Iatrogenic disease these days, in fact believed to be responsible for about 36 percent of hospital ad­ missions. 36 An estimated 2 percent of hospital patients even die from iatrogenic causes. 37 A great number of these unfortunate problems are caused by adverse reactions to drugs. Skin testing for identifying such problems is rather inadequate, since many of the drugs are not avail­ able in an injectable form for testing purposes.

Even if an injectable form is available, the patient still might react to the dyes, fillers, or excipients in the oral form. Many of the reactions from drugs are non IgE, and may not even show up on skin testing. In the past, the only option was trial and error, and it was often only after several unpleas­ant reactions that a tolerable, effective choice was found. With trying to sort out a patient’s problems on a lot of drugs, it is even more com­plex. One has the dilemma of trying to decide whether to stop every­ thing and then reintroduce medications one at a time, whether to stop only one drug at a time, or whether to try switching some of their drugs to other types.

Going off of certain medications can be poten­tially dangerous to the patient. The electrodermal testing will usually indicate within a few minutes which medications are likely to be a problem. This testing can also indicate which medications are likely to be well tolerated. Based on that information, it is generally a simple matter to avoid the problem drug, and introduce medication likely to be well tolerated. Although this technique is not foolproof, and may not pick up every type of adverse reaction, it is certainly a lot better than a shot in the dark as with an entirely trial and error approach.

We have had several patients who experienced severe reactions to the anesthetics or other drugs used during previous surgical procedures. We have been able to test for reactions to various classes of medications needed, find presumably safe alternatives, and then have these drugs used by the anesthesiologist and surgeon. In the cases in which we have participated, the patients have tolerated the anesthesia and post surgical medications beautifully. Of course the patients and the doctors involved were told that the testing was no iron-clad guarantee that no reactions would occur, but would at least provide a good chance of a reaction-free procedure.


dAcupuncture points have been known for thousands of years, and the principles of electricity have been understood (at least somewhat) since before the 1600’s. It has been known for many years that acupuncture points have different electrical conduction than the surrounding tis­sues. Changes in these electrical readings in conjunction with disease states has been investigated extensively. Using electrodiagnostic in­struments for measuring allergy responses has been around for over 35 years. This technology has been studied and utilized around the world by thousands of doctors. Many studies, including a number of double-blind studies have been done validating this procedure.

The chances of these reported results occurring by chance alone are one in many millions. Electrodiagnostic testing has many advantages and would certainly be useful in every hospital and in the office of every doctor who prescribes medications.

It is the belief of this writer that the use of electrodiagnostic testing fulfills all the requirements to be considered adequately proven, including:

1. A number of double-blind studies from various centers vali­dating its efficacy.

2. Experts in the field who deal with this technology acknowledging its usefulness and accuracy.

3. Electrodiagnostic test­ing having been in use around the world for many years by thousands of medical doctors. Because it has virtually no dangers and is very inexpensive, anyone who singles out this procedure for investigation above the myriad of medical procedures which are much less proven, more dangerous, and more expensive, does so arbitrarily and capri­ciously, and for reasons other than a concern for the patient’s health and well being.


1. Konhauser SH, Kirsch DL: A brief chronology on the history of electromedicine. Am J Electromedicine 1985;1(2):1-5.

2. Konhauser SH, Kirsch DL: A brief chronology on the history of electromedicine. Am J Electromedicine 1985:1(2):1-;.

3. Bauer W: Neuroelectric medicine. J Bioelectricity 1983;2(2&3):159-180.

4. Voll R: Twenty years of electroacupuncture diagnosis in Germany. A progress report. Am J Acupuncture 1975;3(19):7-17.

5. Sullivan SG, Eggleston DW, MartinoffJT, Kroening RJ: Evoked electrical conductivity on the lung acupuncture points in healthy individuals and confirmed lung cancer pa­ tients. Publication pending.

6. Oleson TD, Kroening RJ, Bresler DE: An experimental evaluation of auricular diagno­sis: The somatotropic mapping of musculoskeletal pain at ear acupuncture points. Pain 1980;8:217-229.

7. Voll R. Verification of acupuncture by means of electroacupuncture according to Voll. Am J Acupuncture 1977;6:5-15.

8. Ulett GA, Stern GA, Brown ML: Skin potential change at acupuncture points. Proceed­ ings NIH Acupuncture Research Conference March 1973. Ed: Howard P Jenerick, p 124.

9. Zhu Z: Research advances in the electrical specificity of meridians and acupuncture points. Am J Acupuncture 1981,S 203-10.

10. Ionescu-Tirgoviste C, et al: Electrical skin resistance in the diagnosis of neuroses. Am JAcupuncture 1974;2:247.

11. Reichmanis M, Marino AA, Becker RO: La place plan analysis of transient impedance between acupuncture points Ll 4 Ll 12. I.E.E.E. Transact Biomed Engineering 1977;24:402­ 5.

12. Matsumoto T, Hayes FH: Acupuncture, electric phenomenon of the skin and post vagotomy gastrointestinal atony. Am J Surgery 1973;125;176-80.

13. Bergsmann 0, Woolley-Hart A: Differences in electrical skin conductivity between acupuncture points and adjacent areas. Am J Acupuncture 1973;1:27-32.

14. Serisawa K: An approach on meridians and acupuncture points in modern medicine. J Comprehensive Rehabilitation 1978;11:789.

15. Kuany P, et al: Preliminary study on the relationship between headache and electrical conductance capacity of acupuncture points on the auricle. Excerpts of academic papers from the National Symposia on Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Acupuncture Anesthesia, Beijing 1979;1:292-330.

16. Tung Y: A study on the clinical value of ear points – diagnostic oscillograph (E.P D.O.) Ibid015) 1979;1:83-101.

17. Zhou S, et al: Changes of auricular low resistance points of women at different stages of pregnancy. Ibid (#15)1979;1:229.

18. Podshibiaky AK: Variations of electrical potential with respect to internal organs and

the relation to “active points” on the skin. J Physiology USSR, 1955;49-357.

19. Burr H, Langman L: A technique to aid in the detection of malignancy of the female genital tract. Am J Ob and Gyn 1949;57:27481.

20. Andersson SA, Ericson T, Holmgren E, Lindquist G: Electro-acupuncture – effect on pain threshold measured with electrical stimulation of the teeth. Brain Res, 63 (1973);393­ 396.

21. Richter CP, Katz DT: Peripheral nerve injuries determined by the electrical skin resis­ tance method. J Am Med Assn 122: 1943;648-651.

22. Hutchison M: High voltage: the bioelectric interviews. Megabrain Report 1990;1(1):1­ 34.

23. Tiller WA: Explanation of electrodermal diagnostic and treatment instruments: Part 1. Electrical behavior of human skin. J Holistic Med 1982;4(2):105-127.

24.Tiller WA: What do electrodermal diagnostic acupuncture instruments really measure? Am J Acupuncture 1987;15(1):15-23.

25. Smith CW, Best S: Electromagnetic Man: Health and Hazard in the Electrical Environ­ ment. St. Martins Press, New York 1989;105-108.

26. Becker RO, Selden G: The Body Electric. William Morrow, New York, 1985 27. Nordenstrom B: The Electric Man, 1985.

28. Nordenstrom, B: Biologically Closed Electric Circuits. Nordic Med Pub, Sweden, 1983. 29. Goodwin JS, Goodwin JM: The tomato effect. JAMA 1984;251:2387-2390.

30. Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Medical Technologies. Congress of the United States , Office of Technology Assessment, September 1978.

31. Fox AD: Determination of neutralization point for allergic hypersensitivity. British Homeopathic 11987;76:230-34.

32. Ali M: Correlation of IgE antibodies with specificity for pollen and mold allergy with changes in electrodermal skin responses following exposure to allergens. Am J Clin Pa­ thology 1989;91(3):357.

33. Krop J, Swierczek J, Wood A: Comparison of ecological testing with the Vega test method in identifying sensitivities to chemicals, foods and inhalants. Am J Acupuncture 1985;13(3):253-259.

34., Tsuei JJ, Lehman CW, Lam FMK, Zhu DAH: A food allergy study utilizing the EAV acupuncture technique. Am J Acupuncture 1984;12(2):105-116. 35. Bernstein M: Double-blind food challenge in the diagnosis of food sensitivity in the adult. J Clin Immunology 1974;54:165.

36. Steel K, et al: latrogenic illness on a general medical service at a university hospital. New Eng J Med 1981;304:638-42.

37. Trumet P, et al: The role of iatrogenic disease in admissions to intensive care. JAMA 1980;244:2617-262.



The History of Electricity

The Story of Electricity

The Genius of Invention – Electricity – BBC Documentary


Cat Purring is Therapeutic!

Cat Purring is Therapeutic!

Bone-healing/Restorative “Purring Frequencies”

This preset utilizes binaural beats based on the approximate range of purring frequencies of domesticated cats, 27 to 44 Hz, which researchers now say can have restorative effects on the body, particularly the healing and strengthening of bones.

From the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Healing and the cat’s purr – Fauna Communications Research Institute

Scientists have discovered that the purring of cats is a “natural healing mechanism” that has helped inspire the myth that they have nine lives. Nine lives: wounded cats purr because it helps their bones and organs to heal Wounded cats – wild and domestic – purr because it helps their bones and organs to heal and grow stronger, say researchers who have analyzed the purring of different feline species. This, they say, explains why cats survive falls from high buildings and why they are said to have “nine lives”. Exposure to similar sound frequencies is known to improve bone density in humans.”

Doctors and scientists in a number of different medical fields are researching the healing properties of sound, and the results are pretty promising. Most body cavities and tissues have their own resonant frequencies, and sound in those ranges can stimulate the respective organs to heal. For example: the human lungs resonate at around 39 hertz (in a fluid medium) and researchers at Georgia Tech and Emory University have found sound at that frequency to be beneficial to people with lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis.

Solving the Mystery of the Cat’s Purr using the World’s Smallest Accelerometer

Elizabeth von Muggenthaler and Bill Wright

Ever since the Egyptians started worshipping the cat, philosophers, scientists and cat lovers worldwide have wondered why cats purr. Fauna Communications and ENDEVCO initiated a novel research study that recorded the purrs of five species of cats – cheetah, puma, serval, ocelot and the domestic cat. This research has contributed valuable information that may solve the mystery behind the cat’s purr.

It is commonly believed that cats purr when content. However, cats also purr when they are severely injured, frightened or giving birth. So if cats were purring solely out of happiness they would not purr when injured, especially as the generation of the purr requires energy, and an injured animal will generally not expend precious energy needed for healing on an activity not directly connected with their survival.

Since the purr has lasted through hundreds of generations of cats, there must be a survival mechanism behind its continued existence. Suggesting that the purr evolved to function solely as a vocalisation of self-contentment goes directly against the basic tenets of evolutionary psychology and natural selection. Could the purr in any way link to the fact that vibrational stimulation not only relieves suffering in 82% of persons suffering from acute and chronic pain but also generates new tissue growth, augments wound tissue strength, improves local circulation and oxygenation, reduces swelling and/or inhibits bacterial growth?

Survival of the Fittest

Throughout history, the cat has been the most worshipped and the most persecuted domestic animal. Perhaps the most popular cat saying is that they have “nine lives”. This type of old wives’ tale usually has a grain of truth behind it, especially since there is also an old veterinary school adage that states “If you put a cat and a sack of broken bones in the same room the bones will heal”.

Most veterinary orthopedic surgeons have observed how relatively easy it is to mend broken cat bones, as compared with dogs. In a study of “High Rise Syndrome” found in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Drs. Whitney and Mehlhaff documented 132 cases of cats plummeting from high-rise apartments, the average fall being 5.5 storeys, or 55 feet. The record height for survival was 45 storeys. Ninety percent of the 132 cats studied survived even though some had severe injuries. There is also literature that suggests that domestic cats are in general less prone to postoperative complications following elective surgeries

Cats do not have near the prevalence of orthopedic disease or ligament and muscle traumas as dogs have, and non-union of fractures in cats is rare. Researchers believe that self-healing is the survival mechanism behind the purr. There is extensive documentation that suggests that low frequencies, at low intensity, are therapeutic. These frequencies can aid bone growth, fracture healing, pain relief, tendon and muscle strength and repair, joint mobility, the reduction of swelling, and the relief of dyspnea, or breathlessness.

In order to measure the domestic cat’s purrs and how purr vibration is spread throughout its body ENDEVCO Model 22 accelerometers were used. Weighing a mere 0.14 gram, this is the world’s smallest accelerometer. It mounts adhesively, requires no external power and is ground isolated. It is typically used on such small objects as scaled models, circuit boards and disk drives.

During tests, the cats relaxed on blankets, and were encouraged to purr by occasionally stroking them. The small, lightweight Model 22 accelerometers were placed directly on the skin of the cats and stabilised using washable make-up glue and medical tape. Each recording session lasted between 6 and 10 minutes. Data was recorded on DAT recorders and analysed.

Results indicated that despite size and different genetics, all of the individual cats have strong purr frequencies that fall within the range of a multitude of therapeutic frequencies and particular decibel levels, see Fig. 3. Frequencies of 25 and 50 Hz are the best, and 100 Hz and 200 Hz the second-best frequencies for promoting bone strength. Exposure to these signals elevates bone strength by approximately 30% and increases the speed at which the fractures heal.

Purring the Pain Away

All the cats had purr frequencies between 20 Hz and 200 Hz. With the exception of the cheetah, which had frequencies ± 2 Hz from the rest, all the species had frequencies, notably 25 Hz, 50 Hz, 100 Hz, 125 Hz, and 150 Hz, that correspond exactly with the best frequencies determined by the most recent research for bone growth, fracture healing, pain relief, relief of breathlessness, and inflammation. All of the cats’ purrs, including the cheetah, had frequencies ±4 Hz from the entire repertoire of low frequencies known to be therapeutic for all of the ailments.

That fact that the cats in this study produced frequencies that have been proven to improve healing time, strength and mobility could explain the purr’s natural selection. After a day or night of hunting, purring could be likened to an internal vibrational therapeutic system, a sort of “kitty massage” that would keep muscles and ligaments in prime condition and less prone to injury. Additionally, the purr could strengthen bone, and prevent bone diseases.

Following injury, the purr vibrations would help heal the wound or bone associated with the injury, reduce swelling, and provide a measure of pain relief during the healing process.


DEVITA AP devices and Pulmonary Tuberculosis

DEVITA AP devices and Pulmonary Tuberculosis

The aim of this clinical pilot study was to determine the efficacy of the Deta AP bioresonance devices with patients that had been clinically diagnosed with Pulmonary TB, including multiple drug-resistant TB.

The trials were conducted at the State Health Care Institution of the Yaroslavl Region Regional Clinical Hospital for Tuberculosis, Russia.

Twenty five patients having tuberculosis were tested, among them there were 11 women, 14 men and 9 of these patients had multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis.

The age of the men was from 24 to 56 years old, the women from 24 to 58 years old.

The Deta AP therapy programme “Tuberculosis” was run for the prescribed period of time, once per week for 30 days. Criteria for assessing the efficiency of treatment were clinical, radiological and bacteriological examinations.

Radiological improvements were observed in 18 cases (72%); a further 6 cases (24%) had no change and only 1 case got worse (4%).

According to the bacteriological examination, a complete eradication of the TB bacterium was seen in 12 cases (48%), BK (-) in 8 cases before and after the examination, with 4 patients that were still positive.

One patient had to terminate treatment after 4 sessions, as drug liver disease and hepato-renal syndrome developed.

It should be noted that all programmes of the devices are well-tolerated, and there were no adverse reactions to the treatment.


DEVITA AP Device and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


DEVITA AP Device and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This research was designed to determine the efficacy of the DETA-AP therapy devices with patients suffering from a clinically diagnosed Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PIF), associated with Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes II, and Human Papillovirus (HPV).

There were three treatment groups:

1. GROUP 1 – took only antibiotic and antiviral prescribed medication for treating Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes II, and Human Papillovirus (HPV).

2. GROUP 2 – A combined treatment using the same medications as above, along with the Deta AP therapy device.

3. GROUP 3 – Using only the Deta AP therapy device.

The 45 women taking part in these clinical trials were aged between 18-42 years (mean: 29 years) being treated on an outpatient basis in the maternity welfare centre № 10 of the Medical and Preventive Treatment Institution of “Maternity Hospital № 4″ of Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Russia. The Principal Investigator was Prof. Borovkova, Head of Department, and Dr Pershin, Assistant Head.

All the woman included in the research had been clinically diagnosed with PID (both acute and chronic) and had clinical tests indicating the presence of chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, CMV, herpes and HPV infections. The tests were conducted using enzyme multiplied immunoassay data and fragment detection of pathogen DNA by means of PCR.

The Local Ethical Committee of the State Health Care Institution of Nizhniy Novgorod District Clinical Hospital n.a. N.A. Semashko approved these clinical trials which were voluntary.


The 45 women in the clinical group were divided into 2 groups:

  1. GROUP 1 – those that combined prescription medication with the Deta AP bioresonance therapy devices.
  2. GROUP 2 – those that used only the Deta AP bioresonance therapy devices

There was also a 3rd group of 55 women, aged 18 – 42 years, that received only prescribed medication.

The women using the Deta AP therapy devices ran them for an average of 40 – 60 minutes – there were three programmes ran every other day along with detoxification programmes.

There were frequent clinical examinations conducted to determine progress using clinical pelvic examination, ultrasound, thermography as well as blood analysis and microbiological assay of vaginal samples.

Table 1 below describes the influence of the various treatment modalities – it is clear that the average duration of using the Deta AP devices is only 3 days, versus an average of 8 – 25 days for using medications alone or medications in combination with the Deta device:

Table 1. The influence of the various treatment modalities

Diagnosis Quantity of Patients Average duration of treatment – medications and Deta devices (days) Average duration  of using only DETA-AP devices (days) Average duration of treatment using only medications (days)
Gp1 Gp2 Gp3
Clamydia 6 2 10 12.2±1.4 3±0 14.53±1.7
Mycplasmosis 3 2 9 7.23±1.1 3±0 8±1.3
Ureaplasmosis 6 2 10 8.93±0.9 3±0 9.33±1.1
CMV infection 6 3 8 10.73±1.2 3±0 12.23±1.5
HPV infection 5 3 10 14.43±1.3 3±0 15.93±1.3
Herpes virus 4 3 8 21.3±2.7 3±0 24.53±3.0


It is interesting to note that the overall success of treatment using only prescribed medications was about 60 – 65%. This was for the treatment of the various microorganisms in question.

When the medications were combined with the use of the Deta AP device, the treatment outcome increased to 87 – 92%.

When the Deta AP device was used alone with no medications given, the treatment outcome was 85%.

The absence of any adverse side effects using the Deta AP devices resulted in the researchers concluding that bioresonance therapy was an excellent way of treating the underlying microbial caused of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, either in the clinical setting or at home.


DEVITA devices and Children’s Turberculosis


DEVITA devices and Children’s Turberculosis

The aim of the tests was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of DETA-AP and DETA-RITM devices in a Children’s Anti-Tuberculosis Health Resort.

One DETA-AP device and one DETA-RITM device were used during all the tests.

Patients medically diagnosed using clinical testing with the following diseases were treated with DETA-AP device:

–  Ascariasis;

–  Enterobiasis;

–  Lambliosis.

The “Antihelmetic” program was used once per week for a period of one month. At the same time the children also received antihelminthic herbs from the root of sweet flag and wormwood tinctures.

Before running the “antihelmetic” programs, the Deta AP “Drainage” programme was run for 17 minutes.

Depending on the type of helminth the following Deta AP programmes were used:

–  Seatworm;

–  Ascarid;

–  General parasites.

All programmes were run for 35 minutes.

Lamblia programme was carried out twice during one month, run time of the program was 45 minutes.

Immediately after each “antihelmetic” programme, the  “drainage therapy” programme was run to help eliminate toxins related to the parasite die-off – run-time 17 minutes.

If after running the anti-parasite programme,  there were mild gastrointestinal tract symptoms, then the Deta Ritm programme for “gastrointestinal tract regulation” was used for 40 minutes.

The DETA-RITM was used mainly with children having gastroduodenitis, biliary dyskinesia and cholecystitis.

For all these cases, the “Active Defense” programme was used for 40 minutes initially.  The child would then take a break for an hour, and then the “gastrointestinal tract regulation” programme was used for 40 minutes. The child would then take another break for an hour, then the “Deep Cleaning” programme was used for 40 minutes.

All children were required to drink plenty of water to help the flushing of toxins – 30 ml. water to each kilo of body weight.

Here are examples of various programmes ran on the Deta AP for various parasites:

Set of programs to treat Ascariasis

  1. Drainage therapy – 17 minutes.
  2. Ascarids – 35 minutes.
  3. Repeat Drainage therapy – 17 minutes.

Set of programs to treat Lambliosis

  1. Drainage therapy – 17 minutes.
  2. Lamblias – 45 minutes.
  3. Repeat Drainage therapy – 17 minutes.

Set of programs to treat enterobiasis

  1. Drainage therapy – 17 minutes.
  2. Seatworms – 35 minutes.
  3. Repeat Drainage therapy – 45 minutes.

These treatment complexes for Ascariasis, Lambliosis and Enterobiasis was carried out one or two times per week for one month.

Set of programs to treat Gastroduodenitis and biliary Dyskinesia

  1. Active Defense mode
  2. 1-hour pause
  3. Gastrointestinal tract regulation
  4. 1-hour pause
  5. Deep cleaning 40 minutes.

This treatment complex was applied once a day for 30 days.

Set of programs to treat neurosislike conditions (hyperactivity and excitability) of children

  1. Active Defense
  2. Blood circulation
  3. Gastrointestinal tract regulation
  4. Deep cleaning

This treatment complex was applied once per day for 20 consecutive days.

The Deta devices were used with children up to 4 years old – most of the children wore the devices over their clothes in their breast pocket.

Doctor G.T. Khalikova

devita ap and ritm

Devita Devices and Paediatric Treatments

Devita Devices and Paediatric Treatments

The survey was conducted from March 2003 to April 2005 under the supervision of assistant consultant, Dr. Gkolopkoba and T.B. pediatrician Dr. Nteineka.

341 patients were treated with the Deta devices, aged from 7 to 15 years.

These 341 children were divided into 5 groups, as follows:

  1. Problems with vision (myopia, presbypoia and astigmatism) – 166 patients.
  2. Problems with gastrointestinal system (chronic inflammation of the duodenum, colitis, bile dyskinesia) – 18 patients.
  3. Autonomic Nervous System problems – 130 patients.
  4. Musculoskeletal problems (scoliosis and osteochondrosis of the vertebral column) – 18 patients.
  5. Respiratory problems (bronchial asthma, bronchitis) – 9 patients.


  1. Vision problems 66%
  2. Gastrointestinal 98.7%
  3. Autonomic Nervous System 97.6%
  4. Musculoskeletal 46%
  5. Respiratory 94.6%

The improvements that many of these children had were really quite remarkable, given that the only treatment they received was with the Deta-AP and the Deta-Ritm – no other medication was used.

electromagnetic bioresonance therapy devices

Using Devita Devices in Medical Practice

Using Devita Devices in Medical Practice

This study included 20 patients aged 40 to 60 years with diseases of the peripheral nervous system (inflammation of the spinal nerve root), first and second stage hypertension, sleep disturbances and vasomotor rhinitis.

In some of these cases the patients had seen improvements after only one session with the Deta devices. In 80% of the cases there was considerable improvement and in 70% of the cases the blood pressure had normalized without using any other medication.

Another notable observation was the complete ameliation of pain in these patients. Insomnia was also improved considerably.

In this pilot study, it is clear that the Deta devices used alone can help many different neurological symptoms, as well as helping in cases of hypertension.

This report was prepared on 17/11/1995 by the Consultant of the Central Military Hospital of Moscow, Dr. Betsoyk and Dr. Volkov.


Devita Devices and Male Urogenital Problems


Devita devices and Male Urogenital Problems

More than 2,000 patients with chronic prostatitis, prostate adenoma, chronic cystitis, nephritis, pyelonephritis, Glomerulonephritis, kidney stones and sexual dysfunctions were examined. There were a total of 3,849 diagnoses made using the Deta-Professional bioresoance diagnostic and treatment device.

Of these, 1,500 were actually treated with the Deta-AP and Deta-Ritm devices.

In the cases of chronic prostatitis (chronic inflammation of the prostate), when the Deta-AP and Deta-Ritm devices were used in combination with prescribed medication, the cure rate was 90%.

In the 200 patients with prostate adenoma, after 30 days treatment with the Deta-AP and Deta-Ritm devices, in combination with medication, the urinary flow rate and size of the prostate decreased significantly.

In the 500 patients with kidney inflammation, 10 treatments using the Deta devices were sufficient to completely reduce the inflammation.

In the 30 patients with kidney stones, these stones were no longer detectable after a minimum of 15 treatments using the Deta devices – some people would require more than 15 treatments to eradicate the kidney stones.

In conclusion, the use the Deta-AP and Deta-Ritm devices resulted in excellent results with male urogenital problems that may in some cases have required surgery.

– Dr Tsernich (2001) – Borones (Russia)